GALANTÉ, ABRAHAM

GALANTÉ, ABRAHAM (1873–1961), Turkish politician, scholar, and historian born in Bodrum, Turkey. Galanté was a teacher and inspector in the Jewish and Turkish schools of Rhodes and Smyrna. He protested the misrule of Sultan Abdūlhamid II and partly in consequence of this he left for Egypt, where from 1905 to 1908 he edited the Ladino newspaper La Vara and also contributed to Arabic, French, and Turkish newspapers and periodicals. He encouraged the acculturation of Turkish Jewry to its homeland, and conducted an active campaign for the adoption of the Turkish language by the Jews. At the same time he fought vigorously for Jewish rights. After the revolution of the Young Turks, Galanté returned to Istanbul, at whose university he was appointed professor of Semitic languages in 1914 and later professor of the history of the Ancient Orient. Galanté was a delegate to the first Turkish National Assembly after World War I and also a member of the Parliament which met in 1943. His principal field of scholarly activity was the study of Jewish history in Turkey, but he also wrote against the adoption of Latin characters for the Hebrew alphabet. His works (mainly in French) include Don Joseph Nassi, Duc de Naxos (1913), Esther Kyra (1926), Documents officiels turcs concernant les Juifs de Turquie (collections, 1931–54), Nouveaux documents sur Sabbetai Sevi (1935), Histoire des Juifs d'Anatolie (1937–39; appendix 1948), and Histoire des Juifs d'Istanbul (1941–42). In the 1990s his collected works were published by the Isis Press in Istanbul. -BIBLIOGRAPHY: A. Elmaleh, Le Professeur Abraham Galanté (1947); idem, Ha-Profesor Abraham Galanté (1954), incl. bibl.; Shunami, Bibl, index. ADD. BIBLIOGRAPHY: J.M. Landau, in: KS, 27 (1950–51), 212. (Martin Meir Plessner / Jacob M. Landau (2nd ed.) GALANTE, ABRAHAM BEN MORDECAI GALANTE, ABRAHAM BEN MORDECAI (second half 16th century), kabbalist in Safed. He was the brother and a pupil of moses b. mordecai galante and a disciple of moses cordovero . Galante, who was known as a distinguished and modest Ḥasid, received the title, "Ha-Kadosh" ("the saint"). He was the first to cite Joseph Caro's Maggid Meisharim. His works include (1) Yare'aḥ Yakar, a commentary on the zohar (extant in manuscripts, to Exodus-Terumah 140:2). The work was abridged by Abraham Azulai, entitled Zohorei Ḥammah, and published in Venice (1655, and later in Piotrkow, 1881); (2) Kinat Setarim, a kabbalistic commentary on Lamentations (publ. by R.I. Gershon in the work Kol Bokhim, Venice, 1589); (3) Zekhut Avot, a kabbalistic commentary on the tractate Avot (in the work Beit Avot, Bilgoraj, 1911); and (4) Minhagei Ḥasidut, published by S. Schechter (1908). Ḥ.J.D. Azulai relates that Galante built the court of Meron where the graves of Simeon b. Yoḥai and his son Eleazar are located. -BIBLIOGRAPHY: S. Schechter, Studies in Judaism, 2 (1908), 208–9, 273–5, 294–7; G. Scholem, Kitvei Yad be-Kabbalah (1930), 102–4; idem, Bibliographia Kabbalistica (Ger., 1933), 187–8; M. Benayahu, Toledot ha-Ari (1967), 111–5, index; D. Tamar, Meḥkarim be-Toledot Yehudim be-Ereẓ Yisrael u-ve-Italyah (1970), 101–6. (David Tamar)

Encyclopedia Judaica. 1971.

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  • Galante, Abraham — (1873 1961)    Turkish scholar. He was born in Bodrum. He was first a teacher and inspector in the Jewish and Turkish schools of Rhodes and Smyrna. Later he lived in Egypt, where he edited the Ladino newspaper La vara. He encouraged the… …   Dictionary of Jewish Biography

  • Galante, Abraham ben Mordecai — (fl. 16th cent)    Pal estinian kabbalist. He was born in Rome and settled in Safed. He wrote a commentary on the Zohar …   Dictionary of Jewish Biography

  • GALANTE — GALANTE, family of Spanish origin which produced a large number of scholars. An ancestor of the family was MORDECAI GALANTE, who was among the Spanish exiles of 1492 and lived in Rome during the first half of the 16th century, dying there after… …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

  • GALANTE, MOSES BEN JONATHAN (II) — (1620–1689), Jerusalem rabbi. Galante was called Ha Rav ha Magen after his major work Elef ha Magen which includes one thousand responsa and cases (unpublished). He was the grandson of Moses b. mordecai galante . He studied in Safed and later… …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

  • Abraham ben Mordecai Galante — (died 1560) was an Italian kabalist born in Rome at the beginning of the 16th century. Abraham, like his father Mordecai and his brother Moses, rabbi of Safed, is represented by his contemporaries as a man of high character who led a holy life… …   Wikipedia

  • Galante (pedigree) — Galante was a Jewish family which flourished at the beginning of the 16th century in Rome, and the head of which, Mordecai, was a Spanish exile of the Angel family. His courteous manners won for him from the Roman nobles the surname Galantuomo… …   Wikipedia

  • GALANTE, MOSES BEN MORDECAI [i] — GALANTE, MOSES BEN MORDECAI (fl. 16th century), talmudist and kabbalist, one of the scholars ordained in Safed in the second half of the 16th century. Galante, who was born in Rome, was the brother of abraham b. mordecai galante . He was well… …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

  • Nikolai Abraham Abildgaard — Jens Juel, óleo de 1772. Nikolai Abraham Abildgaard ocasionalmente su primer nombre aparece escrito Nikolaj e incluso Nicolaj (Copenhague 11 de septiembre de 1743 Frederiksdal 4 de junio de 1809). Fue un …   Wikipedia Español

  • YIẒḤAKI, ABRAHAM BEN DAVID — (1661–1729), rabbi, halakhic authority, and kabbalist. Born in Jerusalem, Yiẓḥaki was the grandson of the kabbalist, abraham b. mordecai azulai , and son in law of Abraham Israel Zeevi, a scholar of Hebron. He studied Talmud under moses b.… …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

  • ARDIT, EPHRAIM BEN ABRAHAM — (1700–1767), rabbi and preacher. He first engaged in business in his native Smyrna, but later studied there in the yeshivot, and was afterward appointed rabbi of Smyrna. He left manuscripts of glosses on the Talmud written by Spanish scholars;… …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

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